Subregion: Eastern Europe
Superpower adjacency: USSR
Adjacent countires: East Germany, Czechoslovakia
Events directly corelated with the country:
- John Paul II Elected Pope
- Martial Law (III Polish Edition promo card only)
Martial Law is a Polish third edition promo card which won’t probably affect the world strategy. Still I’d like to consider it. This is a Late War USSR 2 Ops card with a non-recurring event that says:
Remove one US Influence Point from Poland. The „Solidarity” event may not be played in the same turn.
Poland is the most important country all over the map from USSR’s point of view. Losing anywhere else can be compensated by winning in some other places but losing Poland and East Germany simultaneously usually ends up with giving US control in Europe. It’s a time bomb: either you win before Europe Scoring comes or you simply don’t survive it. Moreover, Poland is slightly more important than East Germany due to USSR adjacency. Last but not least, as an European country it will probably score one time more than Mid War region countries.
I therefore strongly recommend overprotecting Poland. It’s stability is 3: small enough to make it relatively cheap, big enough to protect it against coups. It’s virtually immune to realignments due to DEFCON restrictions and all rolls are modified by USSR adjacency. Still, even leading by 7 influence points (usually 0/7) is by no means an exaggeration. The pope will subtract three points from the advantage and clear the way for Mr. Walesa to subtract three more points. Mr. Jaruzelski won’t probably help more (and won’t probably be used all over the world as it’s a Polish promo card). There are other cards, not mentioned in the „headline phase” of this note because they don’t have to affect Poland but they often do so in practice, and these are generally in favor of US.
Of course USSR has more urgent needs in the Early War (and probably in the early Mid War) than just overprotecting Poland with operation points. Typically 4 out of 7 points in Poland come from opening setup, one from COMECON and one from Warsaw Pact Formed, both of which were probably played as events by the US player.
Having said that, don’t get too paranoid about Poland. Usually US does not have any influence in Poland and neither he has in adjacent countries at least until the end of the Early War. It gives some breathe, even allowing De-Stalinizing from Poland. Of course there are better places to De-Stalinize from (Finland is the main first choice unless cleared by Truman Doctrine or East European Unrest) but if Poland remains your only place secure from immediate US pushing, it’s probably better to clear Poland than to use De-Stalinization partially only. Also note that you may as well East European Unrest as poor man’s pseudo-De-Stalinization. Just remember to come into Mid War with at least double overprotection in Poland, preferably without the use of COMECON and Warsaw Pact Formed events. You should also always consider Poland as a place to put an extra unexpected operation point in (for example, if you have to play a 3 Ops card in your last Action Round and your opponent destroyed your previous plan and the best thing to be done for now requires only 2 Ops, the third point may go for Poland overprotection).
The Second World War left Poland a very communistic country. Just accept it and let it be that way. Poland is not worth making a route to with operation points and it certainly isn’t worth sending COMECON and/or Warsaw Pact Formed to space or discarding them without triggering any other way. Quadruple overprotection may be annoying but these two events become stronger as the game goes on. After all, 0/7 scores exactly the same as 0/3. Even if you can combine your last Action Round with the headline of Truman Doctrine and remove USSR from Poland, it’s probably better to use Truman against France or East Germany.
In the Mid War the situation changes a little. John Paul is always worth triggering the event (unless you already control Poland when this card is still in play; this is extremely rare). With triple or quadruple overprotection the pope won’t do much damage by himself but he will create two future threats at once: one from Solidarity and one from NORAD. It’s better to play John Paul II Elected Pope after Warsaw Pact Formed but this should not change your mind.
Late War is full of powerful US events, some of which may break control in Poland. Whether or not it is worth the effort, depends entirely on the particular situation. As a rule of thumb you can count the Final Scoring VP swing achieved by successful fighting for Poland, multiply it by 1+probability that Europe will be scored once again before the Final Scoring comes, and compare it with VP swing that is achievable to you by using operation points from your events in other regions (this is a general rule of thumb for the whole Late War in general and for Turn 10 in particular). I’ll discuss it with more details in future notes about the cards.
Finally, don’t worry at all if you never manage to break USSR in Poland. Poland is designed as a rather communistic than capitalistic country (and I personally, as a Pole, strongly regret that this still lasts in 21st century in some areas, like education or health care). In the typical Twilight Struggle game Poland is controlled by USSR most of the time, with short breaks when nobody controls it but USSR still has some influence advantage. Even if you have access to Poland and are guaranteed to have two consecutive Action Rounds in a row, turning USSR-controlled Poland into US-controlled Poland costs 7 points (provided it’s not overcontrolled at the beginning) which is probably an overinvestment unless it affects domination (or, of course, control). The best you can do is to take your time when USSR is overprotecting Poland and use it to gain something somewhere else.
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